ISTANBUL — Turkey’s Interior Ministry has confirmed that minorities in the country are given codes depending on which community they belong to and that such information is sent to the Education Ministry, less than a week after the categorization system was revealed by Armenian-Turkish weekly newspaper Agos, the Hurriyet Daily News reports.

Agos published as its headline story on Aug. 1 a report on an official document penned by the Istanbul Provincial Education Directorate hat openly states “citizens with Armenian origin are coded with ‘2.’” The implementation is reported to have been in place since 1923, the foundation year of the Turkish Republic. Citizens of Jewish or Anatolian Greek (Rum) origins also have secret “race codes.”

“Minority citizens’ race status is taken from their nationality or race information during Ottoman times and sent to the Education Ministry, according to the 40th and 41st articles of the Lausanne Treaty, which was signed between Turkey and Western countries in 1923 and presaged the foundation of the Turkish Republic,” the ministry said in a statement that was sent to the Armenian-Turkish weekly on Aug. 1. The statement also said contemporary state registers did not record any information about the race or sect of citizens.

Turkey’s Interior Ministry's statement sent to Agos newsppaer
Turkey’s Interior Ministry’s statement sent to Agos news paper


In Turkey, only minority communities’ members can register their children at minority schools, according to the Lausanne Treaty, said the statement.

“There are no terms of race, breed, or sect in the state registers,” said the statement sent to Agos.

“Depending on the citizens’ demands, religions such as Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism or Zoroastrianism can be recorded in the state family register, according to the 2nd and 35th articles of Law No. 5490,” the statement added.

The secret coding system emerged when a Turkish citizen of Armenian origin attempted to register her child at an Armenian kindergarten only to be told by the school to prove that she has the “2 code.”

A document sent from the Istanbul Provincial Education Directorate to the Sisli District National Education office stated that “since 1923, the secret code of Armenians is ‘2’ on identity registration certificates,” according to Agos.

“Since 1923, identity registration certificates have had a secret ‘race code,’” the document added.

Ismail Cem Halavurt, a lawyer for the family in question, said they were continuing their struggle to register the family in the Armenian kindergarten.

“Now we are waiting for an official document saying, ‘Yes, your race code is ‘2,’ you can register in an Armenian school,’” Halavurt told Agos.

An official from the population administration told daily Radikal that the practice was being conducted “to allow minority groups to use their rights stemming the Lausanne Treaty.”

As part of the practice, Greeks are classified as “1,” Armenians are coded as “2,” while Jews are notated as “3” in the system. Other non-Turkish groups are not coded, an official told daily Radikal.

The opposition parties’ lawmakers harshly criticized the alleged document.

“If this is true, it is fatal. It must be examined. I will bring this to Parliament’s agenda,” Sezgin Tanrikulu, deputy head of the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), told the Hürriyet Daily News.

Altan Tan, a deputy of the Peace and Democracy Party (BDP), stated that there had long been such allegations but that they were always denied by the authorities. Tan urged Interior Minister Muammer Güler to make a statement on the issue.

“If there is such a thing going on, it is a big disaster. The fact that the state is illegally profiling its own citizens based on ethnicity and religion, and doing this secretly, is a big catastrophe,” Tan said.

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